Coral Springs

 

1725 N. University Drive

Suite 350

Coral Springs, FL 33071

Telephone: (954) 227-2700

Fax: (954) 227-2704

Linda Berlin, Psy.D.

&

Psychological Associates

Boca Raton

 

7000 W. Palmetto Park Road

Suite 407

Boca Raton, FL 33433

Telephone: (561) 347-0997

Fax: (561) 347-0996

 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is ADHD?

A. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological brain disorder that manifests as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development. ADHD begins in childhood, and, as has only recently been understood, can persist into adulthood as well. While some children outgrow ADHD, about 60% continue to have symptoms into adulthood. The disorder manifests differently in adults as hyperactivity tends to diminish.

Q. What is the difference between ADHD and ADD?

A. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the term used in the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) diagnostic criteria. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) with or without hyperactivity is the older term from the DSM-IIIR.

Q. Is ADHD a genetic disorder?

A. The Research repeatedly has demonstrated that ADHD runs in families. There are also indications that ADHD that persists into adulthood is more highly genetic than the type that remits in childhood.

Q. How is Adult ADD and ADHD diagnosed?

A. The basis for the adult diagnosis of ADHD is a tool your doctor uses called the DSM-IV-TR. Your physician diagnoses ADHD based on three components:

Q. How many people have ADHD?

A. It is believed that approximately 3%-7% of school-age children, and 4% of adults have ADHD.

Q. Is there a cure for ADHD?

A. Like other chronic disorders, ADHD is not curable. Some patients have success treating their disease, and are able to lead productive adolescent and adult lives. However, approximately 60% of children with ADHD will carry their symptoms into adulthood.

ADHD is treatable. Fortunately, research is progressing on many fronts, making the outlook for people with ADHD much more positive. Progress has been made toward better understanding this illness and its treatment, and scientists are using many approaches to learn more about what causes ADHD. While no single therapy has been devised that "cures" ADHD, many people with ADHD are able to lead more satisfying.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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What Is Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

ADHD is a neurobiological disability that interferes with a person's ability to sustain attention of focus on a task and to delay impulsive behavior.  ADHD affects approximately 5% of American children.  Many symptoms of ADHD continue into adulthood for approximately 60% of individuals with the disorder.

What Are The Symptoms of ADHD?

Symptoms of Inattention

  •  fails to pay close attention
  •  has difficulty maintaining attention on tasks
  •  does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
  •  has difficulty organizing tasks or activities
  •  avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort
  •  loses things necessary for tasks or activities
  •  is easily distracted
  •  is often forgetful in daily activities

Symptoms of Hyperactivity

  •  fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat
  •  leaves seat in classroom
  •  runs or climbs excessively when inappropriate
  •  is always on the go or acts as if "driven by a motor"
  •  often talks excessively

Symptoms of Impulsivity

  • blurts out answers
  • has difficulty waiting in turn
  • interrupts or intrudes on others

How Do I Have My Child Tested?

There is no single objective test to determine if someone has ADD/ADHD.  A comprehensive evaluation is usually conducted and can include the following:

  •  physical evaluation
  •  parent-rated child behavior scales
  •  teacher-rated child behavior scales
  •  parent and child interviews
  •  review of school and medical records
  •  intelligence testing (IQ tests) and educational achievement testing

Based on the evaluation, the individual can be diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Disorder: -Inattentive Type; -Hyperactivity Type; or Combined Type.  The criteria for these are set forth in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

What Treatments Are Available?

Recommended treatment for ADD is a multimodal approach, consisting of the following:

  • Parent training in behavior management;
  • An appropriate educational program;
  • Individual and Family counseling, when needed;
  • Medication when required.  Psychostimulants are the most widely used medication for the management of ADD symptoms.  Approximately 70-80% of children with ADD respond positively to medications.

Although ADD can be a debilitating, it is important to know that help is available and ADD is treatable. 

For more information, read the article What Every Parent Needs to Know About ADHD by Rhonda Grunther, MSW.


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