Coral Springs

 

1725 N. University Drive

Suite 350

Coral Springs, FL 33071

Telephone: (954) 227-2700

Fax: (954) 227-2704

Linda Berlin, Psy.D.

&

Psychological Associates

Boca Raton

 

7000 W. Palmetto Park Road

Suite 407

Boca Raton, FL 33433

Telephone: (561) 347-0997

Fax: (561) 347-0996

 

Statistics on Anxiety

Prevalence statistics about Anxiety Panic disorder: The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Anxiety Panic disorder:

Prevalence of Anxiety disorder: Anxiety disorder strikes between 3 and 6 million Americans, and is twice as common in women as in men.

Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 58 or 1.70% or 4.6 million people in US annually.

Lifetime risk for Panic disorder: 3 million Americans; 1.6% adults

SOURCE: National Institute for Mental Health

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


printer friendly version

Addictions and Compulsive Behaviors

By: Michelle Albo, LMHC

WHAT IS ADDICTION?

Historically, addiction has been defined as a physical and psychological dependence on psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco, heroin and other drugs) and once ingested, temporarily alters the chemical milieu of the brain. The related concept of drug addiction has many different definitions. Some writers give drug addiction to the same meaning as substance dependence, others for example provide drug addiction a narrower meaning which excludes drugs without evidence of tolerance or withdrawal symptoms. Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of the brain which includes reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits may lead to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. The addiction is characterized by impairment in behavioral control, craving, inability to consistently abstain, and diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships. Like other chronic diseases, addiction involves cycles of relapse and remission. Nobody knows for sure exactly what causes it, but the chance of developing a substance use disorder depends partly on genetics - biological traits passed down through families. A person's environment, psychological traits, and stress level also play major roles by contributing to the use of alcohol or drugs. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.

Addiction can also be viewed as a continued involvement with a substance or activity despite the negative consequences associated with it. Pleasure and enjoyment would have originally been sought, however over a period of time involvement with the substance or activity is needed to feel normal. Addictions can also be seen as an abnormal psychological dependency on such things as gambling, food, sex, pornography, computers, internet, work, exercise, watching TV or certain types of videos, shopping, spiritual obsession and/or cutting.

An addiction or compulsive behavior, means that one has a preoccupation with some form of behavior. The overall side effect of these behaviors, is that our mind tricks us causing us to feel anxiety or depression and as a result our mind can conjure up the idea that we need more. Some addictions are from self-produced chemicals such as adrenalin or endorphins, which like any other drug, one can gain tolerance to while trying to achieve the thrill or feeling of control.

SYMPTOMS OF ADDICTION

PSYCHOLOGICAL SIGNALS:

  • Use of drugs or alcohol as a way to forget problems or to relax
  • Withdrawal or keeping secrets from family and friends
  • Loss of interest in activities that used to be important
  • Problems with schoolwork, such as slipping grades or absences
  • Changes in friendships, such as hanging out only with friends who use drugs
  • Spending a lot of time figuring out how to get drugs
  • Stealing or selling belongings to be able to afford drugs
  • Failed attempts to stop taking drugs or drinking
  • Anxiety, anger, or depression
  • Mood swings
  • Physical signals:
    • changes in sleeping habits
    • feeling shaky or sick when trying to stop
    • needing to take more of the substance to get the same effect
    • changes in eating habits, including weight loss or gain

THE PLAYERS

There are three groups of people typically involved in the cycle of addiction: These three groups of people are as follows: The Enablers-those who allow the addict to continue the behavior; the Persecutors-those who punish the addict, and the Victims-those who absorb the excuse causing negative feelings about oneself.

THE CHOICE OF RECOVERY

Initially honesty is needed to begin to embark on a life in recovery. Eventually, thoughts, behaviors and feelings will become involved in the recovery process. One will learn through either counseling and/or a self-help program to seek natural highs, develop a spiritual self, and begin to be on the road of exploration through positive life choices and actions.

There are currently over 1200 different self-help organizations in the United States. Most of them do not charge fees. Consult your local telephone directory, local crisis line or internet, or ask your doctor or counselor for a recommendation.

*     *     *

Learn more about about Michelle Albo, LMHC, or, if you need more information about Addictions and Compulsive Behaivors, you can reach Michelle Albo, LMHC at (954) 227-2700 or (561) 347-0997

 

 


printer friendly version

 
 
Home | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | ©2009 Linda Berlin, Psy.D. Psychological Associates, P.A.